What is Root Canal Treatment?

The purpose of root canal treatment, also called endodontics, is to save decayed or infected teeth.

Inside the teeth, there are nerves that allow the perception of hot and cold and pulps, also called tooth pulp. Damaged or no longer functional tissues can cause some adverse effects that will affect the oral health of the patient. Thanks to the canal application, these pulp and nerves are removed and the tooth is treated without loss.

You can find more detailed information about "Root Canal Treatment (Endodontics)", which is also included in smile design aesthetics, in our guide.

Everything You Need To Know About Root Canal Treatment

There are many factors in determining the cost of root canal treatment. Factors such as the experience of the selected dentist and whether it is an endodontist, being a private institution or a state hospital, province and district can be counted first. After the patient examination, the required applications are determined by looking at the condition of the tooth and the final budget is revealed.

The price of the canal to be applied to a single tooth in the treatment is between 250 TL and 400 TL.

The total amount to be paid for examination, x-ray, filling, material use and all procedures required for treatment is between 1,000 TL and 2,000 TL in total. If the condition of the tooth requires an advanced treatment, a price between 2,000 TL and 3,500 TL can be mentioned.
When going to the dentist examination, the patient's problem is determined by listening to the complaints and making the controls. If root canal treatment is required, the patient is informed about this and treatment is started if he / she wants. Root canal treatment can be completed in more than one session depending on the condition of the teeth. The steps of applying the treatment are as follows;

  • Anesthesia is applied to ensure that the patient does not feel pain.
  • In the first step, a hole is drilled in the appropriate part of the problematic tooth. This hole is drilled on the back for the front teeth and on the upper side for molars.
  • At this stage, any bruises are cleaned and the broken piece is removed.
  • In order to remove the damaged pulp on the tooth, a fine-tipped instrument is used to enter the tooth roots. After the root canals are removed in this way, the pulp cavity is completely cleaned and made ready for canal filling by expanding.
  • Special devices are used or x-rays are taken to determine the canal length of the tooth root.
  • If the procedure is to be completed in a few sessions, a temporary filling may be required to protect the opened tooth.
  • After the temporary filling, if any, is removed, the inside of the canal is filled with special filling materials to be permanent.
  • As the last step, the treated tooth can be covered with a crown in terms of both aesthetic appearance and functionality. In this way, the tooth regains its old appearance and health.

There are some issues to be considered during root canal treatment, which is of great importance due to oral and dental health. Some of these are what should be done during the treatment and some after.

Things to consider during root canal treatment:

  • Nothing liquid or solid should be consumed except water until the anesthesia loses its effect.
  • In the period between the treatment sessions, hard foods should not be eaten with the tooth area and sticky foods like chewing gum should be avoided.
  • Care should also be taken not to drop the temporary filling, if any.

After root canal treatment, teeth lose their vitality and become more fragile than before. For this reason, it is necessary to pay extra attention to the teeth with canal applied after the treatment. It should not be neglected to pay attention to oral health and to brush and care regularly.

Since root canal treatment is performed under anesthesia, no pain is felt during the application. After the treatment, it is possible to experience pain for a short time after the anesthesia loses its effect. In the first days, mild pain can be seen during chewing on teeth that are a little more sensitive than normal. For this reason, pain relievers prescribed by the doctor can be used.

Canal treatment is performed by specialist dentists in hospitals or clinics. The treatments applied successfully by a qualified physician by providing sterile conditions can be permanent. However, after root canal treatment, the tooth should not be decayed again. In order to minimize this risk, a physician should be examined in addition to regular oral and dental care.

Symptoms that can be considered to understand whether root canal treatment is needed are as follows;

  • Extremely hot and cold sensitivity in teeth,
  • Pain without any trigger,
  • Feeling pain during and after eating,
  • Observing the color change in the teeth,
  • Abscess formation and facial swelling.

In addition to these, sometimes the patient may need root canal treatment without any symptoms. In such cases, the necessity of treatment can be understood only by dental examination or films.

If dental canal treatment is unsuccessful, the same complaints as before treatment may be experienced. For example; Symptoms such as pain in the tooth or redness and swelling at the root tip may be encountered during eating.

There are some reasons why the treatment is considered unsuccessful. These;

  • Not completely clearing the nerve tissues,
  • Infiltration of microorganisms as a result of insufficient root canal or top fillings,
  • Perforation formation (tooth opening more than normal),
  • It is fracture formation during treatment.

If the treatment is unsuccessful, the same steps are repeated and a new channel is applied. If the procedure is not sufficient, the root ends are surgically reached with "apical resection" and the infection is cleared. If the treatment is not sufficient after these steps, the tooth may need to be extracted.

Written on 01/08/2019


Last Update: 22/04/2021


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Before that, my brothers had gone and were satisfied. On their recommendation, I also went for canal treatment, and then the...

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