By Selin Sezgin • Medical review by Eyup Celik, DDS on February 04, 2021

Review 2
Treatment Lokal anestezi
Recovery Time 1-2 Hafta
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What is Dental Prosthesis?

Dental prosthesis are appliances that replace lost teeth and tissues due to any reason. It can be applied to one or a few lost teeth, or it can replace all teeth. The number and shape of dental prosthesis are determined by the patient's condition. It is a very useful solution for patients who have difficulty chewing and eating due to missing teeth. Having complete and smooth teeth thanks to the prosthesis is satisfying in terms of aesthetic appearance and gives self-confidence.

 You can find more detailed information about dental prosthesis, which can be composed of two types, movable or fixed, in our guide.

Everything You Need To Know About Dental Prosthesis

There are many factors in determining the dental prosthesis price. Some of these vary depending on the choice of the patient, and some depend on the choice of the physician due to oral health and mandatory conditions.

 The variables affecting the patient's choices; details such as province and district, hospital / clinic, private or state institution, the quality of the material used and the dentist. Details such as the prosthesis being movable or fixed, its type, being one or two jaws, binders, implants or similar ancillary treatments are other determinants.

 Dental Prosthesis prices are between 2,000 TL and 4,500 TL on average. Fixed denture teeth prices vary between 700 TL and 2,000 TL. These fees may increase according to the issues mentioned above.
Dental prostheses are specially produced for each patient and attention should be paid to many details in order to avoid any problems. First of all, the prosthesis should adapt to the patient's mouth structure and provide a comfortable use. In order to make the smile look natural in terms of aesthetics, it should be made in a shape and color compatible with the original teeth of the patient.

 The dentist decides on the necessary treatments and the appropriate type of prosthesis for the patient during the examination. If needed, treatments and applications such as implants, fillers, canals or cleaning procedures are completed in this process. In order to produce the prosthesis in the most accurate and appropriate way, the patient's measurements are taken carefully. Afterwards, the prosthesis is expected to be produced by sending to the laboratory.

 The prosthesis is made in the laboratory according to the measurements given and sent to the dentist. Fixed prostheses can be prepared in an average of 10 days, and removable prostheses in an average of 6-7 weeks. It may take several sessions for the prosthesis to be fitted and fully tailored to the patient. Even more sessions will be required if porcelain coating is to be made. Since all these processes take place specific to each patient's own situation, the most accurate information can be obtained after the dentist examination.
1. Fixed Dentures

 Fixed prostheses are used to replace the lost tooth or to correct the deformed teeth. The distinctive feature of this type of prosthesis is that it is supported by natural teeth or made on natural teeth. Fixed dentures cannot be removed by the patient.

 Fixed prostheses offer a more natural appearance and ease of use compared to mobile ones. Porcelain is used in the upper structures of the prosthesis to provide an aesthetic appearance. Materials such as metal alloys, zirconium and ceramics are preferred in the infrastructure to extend the durability and service life of the prosthesis. Fixed prostheses have their own types.

  •  Crown (Tooth Covering):

 Crowns, also known as crown teeth, are used in cases of caries and fractures or teeth with excessive loss of material. The tooth is reduced according to certain dimensions and covered with a crown suitable for the patient. Aesthetically satisfactory results are obtained when quality materials are used because it is fully compatible with the tooth.

  •  Bridge Dentures:

 In cases where one or more teeth are lost, the use of bridge prosthesis is ideal. The adjacent teeth in the area where the tooth deficiency is experienced are reduced and the bridge teeth are placed by taking support from the coatings made on them. In this way, the gaps in between are filled. Filling the gaps caused by tooth loss is very important for the health of the gums and neighboring teeth.

2. Movable Dentures

 It is used to compensate for one or more tooth loss and can be easily inserted and removed by the patient due to its nature. Removable prostheses can be preferred optionally, or they can become a mandatory option when the number of missing teeth is not suitable for a fixed prosthesis. There are many types of removable prostheses with different features.

  •  Complete (Total) Dentures:

 These are the appliances used in cases where the patient loses all his teeth. These are prostheses, which are also known as dentures colloquially, and can be completely attached and removed.

  •  Partial (Partial) Dentures:

 It is used in cases where all teeth are not lost but there are large tooth deficiencies. The clasps (hook / hook) at the ends of the prostheses are attached to the neighboring teeth. The prosthesis is fixed easily thanks to these abutment teeth.

  •  Precision Attachment (Snap) Dentures:

 It is one of the removable dentures used in multiple tooth deficiencies. In this method, also called snap prosthesis teeth, porcelain crown coating is applied to other teeth in the mouth and sensitive holders are attached. Since these holders remain inside the mouth, they are not visible from the outside and are easy to attach and remove. Although it is a very advantageous method in terms of both aesthetics, retention and oral health, it is a more expensive prosthesis compared to others.

  •  Overdenture Prostheses:

 In the on-tooth method, prostheses are used by attaching them to the main teeth. Main teeth with characteristics such as crooked, crooked, broken, rotten or too long; cut and shorten, root canal treatment or similar necessary methods. In this way, the teeth are made suitable for prosthesis use. Thanks to the method, the root of the tooth remains in the mouth and bone resorption is prevented to a certain extent.

  •  Temporary (Immediate) Prostheses:

 It is a method used for patients in whom all teeth in the mouth need to be extracted or implant treatment will be applied. Temporary prostheses, as the name suggests, are not permanent and are used to prevent the patient from being toothless during treatment.

3.Implant-Over Prosthetics

 Implant prostheses, which emerge as an alternative to full dentures, are widely preferred today. Moreover, it can be used in cases where all teeth are lost in single or multiple missing teeth. It is very functional in terms of usability and more aesthetically pleasing.

 The number of implants (screws) is determined according to the number of missing teeth and the condition of the bone where the implant will be applied. After the implants are mounted, multiple and single prostheses are attached here. Implant prostheses can be both fixed and removable, dentists decide which one is appropriate.

Whatever the dental prosthesis is, the presence of a foreign body in the mouth and of course some reflections can be seen. The adaptation process varies according to the dental health of the patient, therefore the type of prosthesis used and the number of teeth. It may take about a month to get used to removable prostheses, since they did not fit properly at first and were still very new. During this time, conversations differ slightly from the past and some sounds may be difficult to produce. The problem disappears after the tongue gets used to the prosthesis.

 Eating is also an important part of the adaptation process. At first, it is necessary to take small bites in the mouth, chew with both sides by splitting and move slowly. Choosing soft foods will also make it easier to get used to.

 The most important way to get used to the prosthesis is to be determined and not give up. In particular, it is recommended not to remove it even when you go to bed at night in the first month. During this period, if the slightest problem or deterioration is noticed, the dentist should be visited immediately and corrected. Afterwards, it is important to have a dental examination every 6 months for the health of both gums and teeth.

Whether dental prosthesis attachment is a procedure that the patient can do varies depending on the type of prosthesis. Prostheses that are properly worn by the doctor when they are first made can come out more often than normal due to reasons such as poor care and cleaning. If the patient is experienced enough and the prosthesis is suitable for this, he can fix it in place using denture adhesive. Denture adhesives can be obtained from pharmacies according to their types. However, it is beneficial to consult the dentist before using it and quality products should be preferred.

 The adhesive product is applied in short strips around the prosthesis and then the prosthesis is attached to the required location. The teeth are pressed together for a few seconds in order to show the effect of the adhesive and fix the prosthesis. Details of the product and how it should be used can also be found in the package insert. However, regardless of the product and brand used, the mouth should be thoroughly cleaned before the prosthesis is attached.

 If the fixed prosthesis is dropped, it should be checked whether there is a tooth decay or similar problem at the bottom before sticking it. When such a situation is observed, the dentist should be consulted immediately.
No matter how successful and high quality dentures are, they are not like the main teeth. For this reason, after having dental prosthesis, it is necessary to pay extra attention to their cleaning. Certainly, mouth cleaning and tooth brushing should be done at least twice a day. While brushing teeth, denture brush or normal brushes can be used according to the doctor's recommendation. If there is a removable prosthesis, it can also be removed from the mouth.

 There are products that are specially produced for prosthesis cleaning and that dissolve in water. In order not to shorten the life of the prosthesis, abrasive powders with whitening promise should be avoided. In addition, it is necessary to keep the removable prostheses in a special prosthetic fluid at least once a week.

  •  Chewing function improves.
  •  Eating easily.
  •  Speech disorders are resolved.
  •  A more aesthetic appearance is achieved.
  •  There is an increase in self-confidence.
  •  He can laugh without hesitation.

Written on 01/08/2019

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Last Update: 22/04/2021

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